The Ganges River, also known as the Ganga River, is one of the most important waterways in South Asia. It originates in the Himalayas and flows through India and Bangladesh before emptying into the Bay of Bengal. The river is not only important for its ecological significance but also forms a vital part of the livelihood of millions of people living along its banks.
Over the years, the sharing of the Ganga water has been a contentious issue between India and Bangladesh. However, in 1996, the two countries signed an agreement on the sharing of the Ganga water.
The agreement was signed in Dhaka, the capital city of Bangladesh, and was a significant step towards resolving the long-standing water dispute between the two countries. The primary aim of the agreement was to ensure that both India and Bangladesh had a fair and equitable share of the water from the Ganga river.
Under the agreement, India agreed to release a certain amount of water from the Farakka Barrage to Bangladesh during the dry season. In return, Bangladesh agreed to provide India with a certain amount of electricity during the wet season.
The agreement also established a Joint River Commission, comprised of representatives from both countries, to oversee the implementation of the agreement and to resolve any future disputes that may arise.
The signing of the agreement was a significant achievement for both India and Bangladesh and paved the way for future cooperation between the two countries. Since the signing of the agreement, there has been a marked improvement in the relationship between India and Bangladesh, with both countries working towards resolving other outstanding issues.
In conclusion, the signing of the agreement on sharing of the Ganga water was a significant step towards resolving the long-standing water dispute between India and Bangladesh. The agreement ensured that both countries had a fair and equitable share of the water from the Ganga river, and paved the way for future cooperation between the two countries.